Resources Information Standards Committee  

AMBIENT FRESH WATER AND EFFLUENT SAMPLING MANUAL




 


 

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. General Considerations

2.1 Preparing to Go to the Field

2.2 Locating the Site in the Field

2.3 Field Notes/Observations

3. Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC)

3.1 Field Quality Assurance

3.2 Quality Control

3.2.1 Blanks

3.2.2 Replicate Samples

3.2.3 Spiked Samples (Field)

3.2.4 Reference Samples

4. Collecting Samples

4.1 Lake

4.1.1 Shore Sample

4.1.2 Sampling from a Boat

4.1.3 Winter Sampling

4.2 River/Stream

4.2.1 Access from the Stream Bank

4.2.2 Access from a Bridge

4.2.3 Sampling from a Boat

4.2.4 Winter Sampling

5. Collecting Effluent and Receiving Water Samples

5.1 Effluent Stream

5.2 Receiving Waters

6. Field Measurements

6.1 Temperature

6.2 Dissolved Oxygen (DO)

6.3 Conductivity/Salinity

6.4 pH

6.5 Clarity

6.6 ORP

6.7 Stream Flow

7. Field Filtration and Preservation

7.1 Filtration

7.2 Preservation

8. Shipping

9. Cleaning Equipment

10. Sources of Further Information

Appendix 1 Generic Field Checklist

Appendix 2 Site Identification

Appendix 2.1 Site Identification Guide

Appendix 2.2 Site Data Sheet (Lake)

Appendix 2.3 Site Data Sheet (River)

Appendix 2.4 Site Data Sheet (Effluent)

Appendix 3 Sampling For The Most Common Variables

Appendix 3.1 General Chemistry (including nutrients)

Appendix 3.2 Metals

Appendix 3.3 Carbon

Appendix 3.4 Chlorophyll a

Appendix 4 Sample Container, Preservation, and Hold Times for Water and Effluent Samples

 

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Copyright 1997 Province of British Columbia

Published by the Resources Inventory Committee